- This art project is based on the Aztec calendar stone or sun stone. We are finally getting some warm sun around here. The grass is green the. Rosco Metallgobo "Aztec Sun". Rosco_Metall_jpg. CHF inkl. MwSt. Versandkostenfrei. Grösse: A, B, E, M, Sondergrösse (bitte bei. Bild von Mexiko, Nordamerika: Aztec Sun - Yucatán - Schauen Sie sich authentische Fotos und Videos von Mexiko an, die von Tripadvisor-Mitgliedern.
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Failure to do this would cause the end of their world and the disappearance of the sun from the sky. At the end of each year cycle, the Aztec priests carried out the New Fire Ceremony, or "binding of the years.
The Aztec people would clean their houses, discarding all household idols, cooking pots, clothing, and mats. During the last five days, fires were extinguished and the people climbed on their roofs to await the fate of the world.
On the last day of the calendar cycle, the priests would climb the Star Mountain, today known in Spanish as Cerro de la Estrella , and watch the rise of the Pleiades to ensure it followed its normal path.
A fire drill was placed through the heart of a sacrificial victim; if the fire could not be lit, the myth said, the sun would be destroyed forever.
The successful fire was then brought to Tenochtitlan to relight hearths throughout the city. According to the Spanish chronicler Bernardo Sahagun, the New Fire ceremony was conducted every 52 years in villages throughout the Aztec world.
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It is for this reason that the stone became known as the "Sun Stone. Yet another characteristic of the stone is its possible geographic significance.
The four points may relate to the four corners of the earth or the cardinal points. The inner circles may express space as well as time.
Lastly, there is the political aspect of the stone. It may have been intended to show Tenochtitlan as the center of the world and therefore, as the center of authority.
He posits, for example, that 7 Monkey represents the significant day for the cult of a community within Tenochtitlan. His claim is further supported by the presence of Mexica ruler Moctezuma II 's name on the work.
These elements ground the Stone's iconography in history rather than myth and the legitimacy of the state in the cosmos. The methods of Aztec rule were influenced by the story of their Mexica ancestry, who were migrants to the Mexican territory.
The lived history was marked by violence and the conquering of native groups, and their mythic history was used to legitimize their conquests and the establishment of the capital Tenochtitlan.
As the Aztecs grew in power, the state needed to find ways to maintain order and control over the conquered peoples, and they used religion and violence to accomplish the task.
The state religion included a vast canon of deities that were involved in the constant cycles of death and rebirth. When the gods made the sun and the earth, they sacrificed themselves in order for the cycles of the sun to continue, and therefore for life to continue.
Because the gods sacrificed themselves for humanity, humans had an understanding that they should sacrifice themselves to the gods in return.
The Sun Stone's discovery near the Templo Mayor in the capital connects it to sacred rituals such as the New Fire ceremony, which was conducted to ensure the earth's survival for another year cycle, and human heart sacrifice played an important role in preserving these cosmic cycles.
The state was then exploiting the sacredness of the practice to serve its own ideological intentions. The Sun Stone served as a visual reminder of the Empire's strength as a monumental object in the heart of the city and as a ritualistic object used in relation to the cosmic cycles and terrestrial power struggles.
The sun stone image is displayed on the obverse the Mexican 20 Peso gold coin, which has a gold content of 15 grams 0. Different parts of the sun stone are represented on the current Mexican coins, each denomination has a different section.
After the conquest of the Aztec Empire by the Spanish in and the subsequent colonization of the territory, the prominence of the Mesoamerican empire was placed under harsh scrutiny by the Spanish.
The rationale behind the bloodshed and sacrifice conducted by the Aztec was supported by religious and militant purposes, but the Spanish were horrified by what they saw, and the published accounts twisted the perception of the Aztecs into bloodthirsty, barbaric, and inferior people.
The Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan was covered by the construction of Mexico City, and the monument was lost for centuries until it was unearthed in Although the object was being publicly honored, placing it in the shadow of a Catholic institution for nearly a century sent a message to some people that the Spanish would continue to dominate over the remnants of Aztec culture.
Another debate sparked by the influence of the Western perspective over non-Western cultures surrounds the study and presentation of cultural objects as art objects.
By referring to it as a "sculpture"  and by displaying it vertically on the wall instead of placed horizontally how it was originally used,  the monument is defined within the Western perspective and therefore loses its cultural significance.
The current display and discussion surrounding the Sun Stone is part of a greater debate on how to decolonize non-Western material culture. There are several other known monuments and sculptures that bear similar inscriptions.
Most of them were found underneath the center of Mexico City, while others are of unknown origin. Many fall under a category known as temalacatl , large stones built for ritual combat and sacrifice.
Matos Moctezuma has proposed that the Aztec Sun Stone might also be one of these. The Stone of Tizoc 's upward-facing side contains a calendrical depiction similar to that of the subject of this page.
Many of the formal elements are the same, although the five glyphs at the corners and center are not present. The tips of the compass here extend to the edge of the sculpture.
The Stone of Motecuhzoma I is a massive object approximately 12 feet in diameter and 3 feet high with the 8 pointed compass iconography.
The center depicts the sun deity Tonatiuh with the tongue sticking out. The Philadelphia Museum of Art has another, viewable here. This one is much smaller, but still bears the calendar iconography and is listed in their catalog as "Calendar Stone".
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